Best 2-day tours in Kathmandu Valley

2024-02-14 | Published By: Bold Himalaya

Picture yourself surrounded by the peaks of the Himalayas with the bustling city of Kathmandu sprawling out before you. It's a place where modern activities seamlessly blend with traditions and fascinating stories await at every corner.

We're thrilled to offer you a glimpse, into Kathmandu allowing you to savor its history, vibrant culture and hearted people in two days. Our designed itineraries capture the essence of this captivating city catering to both explorers searching for hidden gems and curious visitors eager to embrace new experiences.

Key Highlights

Discover palaces, temples, and exquisite traditional craftsmanship.

Immerse yourself in the cultural heritage and medieval allure.

Witness breathtaking sunrise views over the Himalayas.

Experience the mesmerizing beauty of the Himalayas from a helicopter ride.

Explore lively streets brimming with shops, restaurants, and vibrant nightlife.

Engage in practices at Buddhist pilgrimage sites.

Embark on hikes through forests and tranquil trails.

Marvel, at panoramic vistas of the Kathmandu Valley and the majestic Himalayan mountains.

UNESCO World Heritage Sites: 

There are plenty of options, for visitors in Kathmandu offering a range of cultural and spiritual experiences. Whether it's visiting pilgrimage sites or exploring the city-rich UNESCO World Heritage Sites there is something to cater to everyone's interests.

Kathmandu Durbar Square:

One of the must-see attractions, in Kathmandu, Nepal is Kathmandu Durbar Square! It holds significance as the heart of the city and has been recognized as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. When you visit Durbar Square you'll be able to explore a variety of palaces, temples and courtyards that beautifully showcase Nepal's heritage. Take your time to admire the carved structures visit the royal residences and be amazed by the sculpted temples. 

A notable highlight in Durbar Square is Hanuman Dhoka Palace, which once served as the palace. If you're fortunate enough you might even catch a glimpse of Kumari at the Kumari House. Don't forget to appreciate the architecture of temples, like Kal Bhairav Temple, Jagannath Temple and Taleju Temple. Additionally immerse yourself in Nepal's history and culture by exploring markets filled with handicrafts, trinkets and traditional Nepali goods that will transport you back in time.

Patan Durbar Square:

Patan Durbar Square, situated in Nepal is a UNESCO World Heritage Site! It can be found in the city of Patan also known as Lalitpur, where you can witness the Newari architecture. This place holds value and showcases palaces, temples and courtyards that beautifully embody the artistry of the Newari people. Exploring this area will allow you to marvel at structures like the Krishna Temple adorned with carvings paying homage to Lord Krishna. Moreover make sure not to miss out on a visit, to the Patan Museum, which exhibits a collection of artwork and ancient artifacts. Take some time to appreciate the craftsmanship of the Newari people by exploring their workshops.

If you're, in search of presents or desire to treat yourself to delicacies there are markets, shops, and cafes, in the vicinity as well. Patan Durbar Square provides a captivating insight into the heritage of Nepal.

Bhaktapur Durbar Square:

Bhaktapur Durbar Square represents a captivating UNESCO World Heritage Site, in Nepal. Situated within the city of Bhaktapur, known for its heritage and preserved medieval structures it boasts an array of temples, palaces and courtyards. This remarkable area showcases landmarks like the 55 Window Palace, the Golden Gate and the Nyatapola Temple – a pagoda-style temple that stands tall as one of Nepal's tallest. 


Make sure to take your time exploring each building's significance and immerse yourself in the ambiance of days. Don't miss out on savoring delicacies like Juju Dhau and exploring the markets. As Bhaktapur is famous for its pottery you might even have a chance to witness pottery-making techniques firsthand. A visit to Bhaktapur Durbar Square is akin, to stepping into a living museum that beautifully encapsulates Nepal's heritage.

Syambhunath Stupa:

The Monkey Temple, also known as Syambhunath Stupa is a site located in Kathmandu. Situated on a hill it offers views of the city. The stupa is beautifully decorated with sculptures and prayer flags. At the top, you can see the all-seeing eyes of Buddha. It's truly amazing! And here's something fascinating; Syambhunath is inhabited by a group of monkeys! They freely wander around adding liveliness to the shrine.

In addition, to the stupa, Syambhunath is home to temples, shrines and Tibetan Buddhist monasteries. People come here to offer prayers turn prayer wheels and experience the ambiance. Standing atop the hill you can not appreciate the cityscape. Also, be awestruck by the magnificent views of Kathmandu Valley and its majestic mountains. So if you're up for exploration and a memorable encounter, with our friends be sure to include Syambhunath Stupa on your must-visit list while exploring Nepal.

Boudhanath Stupa:

This site, in Kathmandu, the capital of Nepal is truly incredible. It houses one of the stupas, in the world! The Boudhanath Stupa is particularly striking with its design. Surrounding the dome are shops, temples and galleries that display Tibetan Buddhist artwork. The area is adorned with prayer flags creating an atmosphere. As you stroll around the stupa in a clockwise direction visitors chant. Spin prayer wheels. It's a chance to fully immerse yourself in the culture and gain an understanding of Buddhism. Additionally, it offers an opportunity to admire the grandeur of the stupa while observing the bustling streets of Kathmandu. If you're looking for a place that beautifully combines spirituality, culture and mesmerizing architecture visiting Boudhanath Stupa is a must.

Pashupatinath Temple:

The Pashupatinath Temple is of importance. Holds a special place, in the hearts of Hindus. It is regarded as a site where devotees worship Lord Shiva. The temple complex is quite extensive. Features carvings, sculptures and impressive architectural designs. One notable aspect of the Pashupatinath Temple is the presence of cremation ghats located along the banks of the Bagmati River.

These riverbanks are where Hindu cremation rituals take place and it can be a humbling experience to witness them. One of the activities, in the evening at the temple is the Sandhya Aarati, which allows you to fully immerse yourself in Hindu customs observe ceremonies and feel the spiritual atmosphere of this sacred place. If you have an interest in exploring Nepal's Hindu heritage, a visit, to Pashupatinath Temple is a must-see destination.

Changu Narayan Temple:

The Changu Narayan Temple is a Hindu temple located in the village of Changu near Bhaktapur, Nepal. It is dedicated to Lord Vishnu, who is worshiped as one of the deities, in Hinduism. This temple holds significance as it is among the temples in the Kathmandu Valley. Has been recognized as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The Changu Narayan Temple is renowned for its carvings and architectural splendor. Within its premises, you will find temples and monuments including the Garuda. 

A mythical creature with the body of a bird and the head of a human serving as Lord Vishnu's mount. The historical importance of this temple is further highlighted by its preservation over centuries. Exploring this place allows you to deeply immerse yourself in Nepal's cultural heritage. Moreover, you will be treated to breathtaking views of the hills and the Kathmandu Valley from within the temple grounds. For those with an interest in spirituality, history or architecture a visit, to Changu Narayan Temple comes highly recommended.

Hill Stations near Kathmandu Valley:


Nagarkot, a hill station situated 32 kilometers to the east of Kathmandu is widely acclaimed for its panoramic vistas of the majestic Himalayan mountain range. On days you can even catch a glimpse of Mount Everest. Both locals and tourists flock, to this enchanting destination to witness the mesmerizing sunrise and sunset over the mountains. With its surroundings, Nagarkot offers an escape from the hustle and bustle of city life. Here you can relax amidst the mountain scenery. 

Embark on invigorating nature hikes or treks along scenic trails. Moreover, Nagarkot boasts an array of resorts and motels that provide accommodations with mesmerizing views. It truly is a place where you can rejuvenate your senses while immersing yourself in the embrace of nature. For photography enthusiasts or those who have an appreciation, for nature's wonders Nagarkot is undoubtedly a must-visit destination. Just imagine waking up to breathtaking skies and snow-capped peaks!


Dhulikhel, another hill station located thirty kilometers southeast of Kathmandu offers views of the Himalayan mountain range. On days you can see peaks, like Langtang, Ganesh Himal and even Mount Everest from Dhulikhel. With an elevation of 1,550 meters, this town enjoys a climate. 

One of the highlights of Dhulikhel is its town center with lanes and unique Newari architecture. Taking a stroll through the town allows you to appreciate the crafted wooden windows and doors adorning the buildings. Adventure enthusiasts and nature lovers will also find plenty to do in Dhulikhel. You can go for exhilarating mountain biking trips or embark on hikes, in the hills. For those seeking a rush paragliding is also an option trying out.


Namobuddha, a site, for pilgrimage, is situated 40 kilometers to the east of Kathmandu. It holds significance and has gained widespread recognition. According to beliefs Namobuddha is especially revered as it commemorates the moment when Lord Buddha in one of his lives selflessly sacrificed his body to provide nourishment to a starving tigress and her cubs. 

The Namobuddha Stupa stands as a structure that symbolizes acts of kindness and selflessness. The surrounding area of Namobuddha is blessed with landscapes that beckon you to take walks amidst lush greenery while experiencing tranquility and breathing in the fresh air. Beyond being a destination Namobuddha also offers an opportunity, for introspection and reflection in its ambiance. Whether you are seeking enlightenment or simply longing for a retreat visiting Namobuddha comes highly recommended.


Kakani, a hill station located 23 kilometers northwest of Kathmandu is famous, for its views of the Himalayas. This delightful destination offers an atmosphere at an altitude of 2,030 meters. One of the aspects of Kakani is its flora and breathtaking scenery. To experience the tranquility of nature take a walk through the woods. 

During springtime, the region becomes vibrant with rhododendron flowers that create a captivating ambiance. Kakani is a place for day trips and picnics where you can relax and enjoy quality time with your loved ones while soaking in the mountain views from open areas and viewpoints. Moreover, indulge yourself in food at the cafes and restaurants in this area. If you're looking for a getaway, with mesmerizing mountain panoramas do consider visiting Kakani.


Chandragiri, a hill station located outside of Kathmandu is famous, for its views of the Himalayan mountain range and the picturesque Kathmandu Valley. To reach the summit you can embark on a cable car ride that treats you to mesmerizing 360-degree panoramas, along the way. Once you reach the peak you'll be rewarded with a perspective of the surrounding area. 

Atop Chandragiri, there is a park where you can unwind and soak in the atmosphere. For those seeking a touch of adventure, there are trekking trails that lead to the summit of Chandragiri – an opportunity to engage in activity while reveling in nature's mesmerizing beauty. Amongst Chandragiris attractions lies the Bhaleshwor Mahadev Temple allowing visitors to delve into Nepal's cultural heritage through prayers and temple tours. With its captivating vistas, tranquil retreats and spiritual encounters Chandragiri truly offers everything one could desire.

Destinations with hiking trails:

Chisapani Hiking:

Chisapani, a village situated 25 kilometers northeast of Kathmandu is widely known for its serene environment and stunning vistas of the majestic Himalayas. It has become a destination, for hikers and trekkers who seek solace amidst nature's embrace. Thanks to its elevation of around 2,165 meters Chisapani enjoys a climate throughout the year. The mesmerizing landscapes adorned with snow-capped peaks like Langtang, Ganesh Himal and Dorje Lakpa are some of the attractions that captivate visitors. To reach Chisapani from Sundarijal, which is an hour's drive, from Kathmandu you can embark on a pleasant walk that offers glimpses of terraced farms, charming villages and lush forests along the way.

When you reach Chisapani make sure to embrace the hospitality of the locals by choosing one of the guesthouses for your stay.. While you're there don't forget to indulge in the mouthwatering Nepali cuisine and truly immerse yourself in the way of life. Chisapani is a haven, for nature lovers and adventure enthusiasts. Make sure to bring your camera along to capture the mesmerizing beauty of the Himalayas and don't forget to dress and wear footwear during your visit, to Chisapani.

Jamacho Hiking:

Jamacho is a hiking destination located near Kathmandu not far, from the city. It is situated within the Shivapuri Nagarjun National Park. As you ascend towards Jamacho you'll be rewarded with views of the forests and peaceful trails that adorn the Kathmandu Valley. Once you reach the summit you'll be greeted by a mesmerizing panorama of mountains and vibrant cities. It's a spot to capture photographs and fully immerse yourself in the mesmerizing beauty of nature. The duration of the hike typically spans between two to three hours depending on your fitness level and preferred pace. Don't forget to bring along some water, snacks and comfortable footwear to make your trip more enjoyable.

Panauti tour with Namobuddha Hiking:

If you travel to the region of Kavrepalanchok, in Nepal you'll come across a town called Panauti. It's famous for its temples, Newari architecture, and rich cultural heritage. Make sure not to miss a visit to Panauti Durbar Square, where you can soak in the town's atmosphere while marveling at the temples. If you're up, for some adventure consider going on a trekking expedition to Namobuddha. 

Namobuddha, located 12 kilometers (7.5 miles), from Panauti is a place, for Buddhists that provides vistas of the surrounding scenery as you walk along its picturesque trails. When you reach Namobuddha take a moment to offer your prayers at the stupa and discover the renowned Thrangu Tashi Yangtse Monastery. It's a setting that fosters introspection and tranquility.

Chandragiri cable car and hiking:

Chandragiri, situated close, to Kathmandu is a hill that offers views of both the surrounding hills and the city. If you choose to take a cable car ride up to Chandragiri you'll be treated to mesmerizing scenery. Once you reach the top there are opportunities to explore the pathways and go on treks in the Chandragiri region. This hill is known for its vegetation and tranquil atmosphere making it an ideal spot for trekking while immersing yourself in surroundings. As you hike you may encounter temples and shrines that add a touch to your journey. From every vantage point at Chandragiri, you'll be delighted by breathtaking vistas of the Himalayas. After your trek, why not unwind with a picnic at one of the designated spots? Don't miss the chance to savor a meal while enjoying views, from one of the nearby restaurants.

Nagarkot sunrise with hiking:

Nagarkot, a hill station located near Kathmandu is renowned for its views of the majestic Himalayas at sunrise. It is truly an experience to spend a night in Nagarkot and wake up early to witness the dawn. Afterward head to a designated lookout spot where you can admire the mesmerizing sunrise casting its glow, over the snow-capped peaks. 

The breathtaking vistas of the Himalayas including Mount Everest can truly leave you spellbound on days. Once you've soaked in the beauty of this sunrise it's worth venturing onto the trails and immersing yourself in the countryside. Those who love hiking will undoubtedly be enamored by the scenery and fresh mountain air. Just remember to pack clothing, comfortable footwear and a camera to capture the landscapes. Oh. Don't forget to bring along some water and snacks for your hike.

Popular Destinations in the Valley:


Thamel situated in the heart of Kathmandu, the capital city of Nepal is a district that attracts both locals and tourists. It provides a range of experiences to indulge in. The bustling streets of Thamel are renowned for their cafes, restaurants, shops, and guesthouses. If you're looking for a shopping spree Thamel is the destination! Here you can find an array of clothing choices trekking gear, souvenirs, and exquisite traditional handicrafts. The selection is truly remarkable. From jewelry to fabrics and captivating artwork. When it comes to food Thamel caters to all tastes. You can relish cuisine. 

Explore international flavors from around the world.. Don't forget to treat yourself to delicious momos. Dumplings! As night falls upon Thamel it transforms into a hub of entertainment. There are pubs, clubs, and live music venues where you can unwind with a drink or dance your heart out until dawn breaks. If you're visiting Kathmandu missing out on Thamel would be a mistake as it offers an array of entertainment options along, with shopping opportunities and cultural activities.

The Garden of Dreams:

This gorgeous sanctuary is situated in the heart of Kathmandu, Nepal. It provides an escape, from city life. Initially constructed in the 1920s as Field Marshal Kaiser Sumsher Rana's garden it was later. Made accessible to the public in 2007. The Garden of Dreams showcases fountains, pavilions, and abundant greenery that draw inspiration from classical design. As you explore this garden you'll discover sections, each with its unique charm. 

The central pond is surrounded by an array of flowers and plants that create an atmosphere perfect for relaxation. Additionally, there are pergolas, verandas, and shaded seating areas where you can unwind and enjoy the tranquil ambiance. Whether you're seeking solace by reading a book or simply want to appreciate nature's beauty while having a picnic the Garden of Dreams offers a tranquil haven, for individuals looking for peace and tranquility.

Ason Tole:

Ason Tole, located in the city of Kathmandu, Nepal is renowned for its history and vibrant market atmosphere. This bustling marketplace is a treasure trove of products catering to all tastes. Whether you're seeking fruits, delectable street food, authentic spices, exquisite textiles, or unique handicrafts Ason Tole has something to offer everyone. 

One of the highlights, within Ason Tole is Ason Chowk—a square that allows you to immerse yourself in the essence of Kathmandu and experience the true colors of Nepalese culture. For those with a passion for delights exploring Ason Tole becomes a must. Indulge your taste buds with treats such, as samosas, sel roti (a traditional sweet bread), and other delightful local snacks that are sure to leave you dancing with joy.

The Pottery Square of Bhaktapur:

Bhaktapur, a place located in Nepal is home, to an area known as Pottery Square. This renowned spot is famous for its artisans who use techniques passed down through generations to craft clay pots and other ceramic items. When you visit Pottery Square you'll have the opportunity to witness the mesmerizing process of pottery making up. These talented artists shape the clay using methods like hand molding and wheel throwing paying attention to detail and showcasing their craftsmanship. If you're feeling adventurous you can even take part in a pottery workshop. 

Try your hand at creating your masterpiece. The artists will be there to assist you throughout the process allowing your creativity to flourish during this experience. Don't forget to take some time exploring the streets and alleys of Bhaktapur. You'll find shops offering pottery and other handmade crafts as local restaurants where you can savor traditional Newari cuisine.

Adventurous Activities:

Everest mountain flight:

Experiencing the mesmerizing magnificence of Mount Everest and the other majestic peaks of the Himalayas from, up in an aircraft is truly an exhilarating adventure. Take part in a journey, aboard a plane that has been specially crafted for mountain flights. As you glide above the Himalayas get ready to witness sights of glaciers vast valleys and mountains covered in glistening snow. Amidst these peaks, you'll also have an opportunity to catch glimpses of Mount Everest, Lhotse and Nuptse.

During the hour flight, the pilot will provide information and highlight significant landmarks in the area. If you're unable to climb to Everest Base Camp due, to time constraints or physical limitations a mountain flight offers an alternative. From the comfort of your seat onboard you'll have an opportunity to experience the peaks of the world's mountain up close and personal. I strongly recommend considering an Everest mountain flight if you're planning a trip, to Nepal. It's a chance to witness the mesmerizing beauty of the Himalayas and create memories.

Everest Base Camp helicopter tour:

One of the ways to experience the breathtaking beauty of the Everest region and get a glimpse of the Everest Base Camp is, by taking a helicopter tour. During this trip, you will fly over the Himalayan landscapes passing through picturesque valleys, towering peaks, and magnificent glaciers. 

Once you land at Everest Base Camp you'll have the opportunity to explore this site and immerse yourself in its amazing surroundings. From the base camp, you'll be treated to the vistas of Mount Everest and its neighbouring peaks. It's a chance to delve into the history of mountaineering and feel the sense of accomplishment that climbers experience when they reach this destination. 

Another advantage of opting for a helicopter tour is that it saves time compared to hiking to Everest Base Camp. Whether you're short on time or prefer a convenient mode of travel to reach base camp this option is truly exceptional. To ensure an enjoyable journey it's always advisable to check with your tour operator for the up to date information. Keep in mind that weather conditions can impact helicopter flights, in the Everest region.

Best Itineraries

There are plenty of options, for travelers embarking on a two-day journey, to Kathmandu, Nepal. Visitors have the freedom to personalize their itinerary based on their interests with various options available that showcase the city's heritage, spiritual significance and breathtaking natural landscapes. For those seeking peace and reflection, there are options to explore in the revered pilgrimage sites such, as Swayambhunath and Boudhanath. Additionally one can delve into the history and intricate architecture of UNESCO World Heritage Sites like the Durbar Squares. 

If you're a soul, hiking trails like Jamacho or Namobuddha offer a chance to discover the breathtaking beauty that surrounds Kathmandu. With a range of alternatives, travelers can tailor their itinerary to create a unique and unforgettable experience, in the vibrant city of Kathmandu. 

Itinerary 1: Mix of cultural experiences, outdoor activities, and culinary delights.

Day 1:

Start your day by visiting the Boudhanath Stupa. Take some time to immerse yourself in the atmosphere as you spin the prayer wheels and admire its grandeur. Next make your way, to Kathmandu Durbar Square, a living museum filled with temples, palaces, and courtyards. Explore this site. Soak in the rich cultural heritage it has to offer. For lunch treat yourself to a meal at a nearby restaurant. Indulge in the flavors that define cuisine by enjoying delicious momos dal bhat (rice and lentils) and traditional Newari dishes. In the afternoon visit Swayambhunath Stupa also known as the Monkey Temple. Climb up the stairs to reach its summit and be rewarded with views of Kathmandu Valley. To wrap up your day of exploration head over to Patan Durbar Square, in Lalitpur. Take your time exploring Patan Museum, which houses a collection of artwork and valuable antiques.

Day 2:

Start your morning by taking a stroll through the Garden of Dreams. Explore the maintained gardens, relax by the ponds, and find a spot to enjoy some Nepali tea. Afterwards venture a distance to Nagarkot village, located on the outskirts of Kathmandu. Spend your afternoon hiking, along paths while soaking in the stunning sights of the Himalayan mountain range and lush green landscapes. As evening falls return to Kathmandu. Immerse yourself in the ambiance of Pashupatinath Temple. Take part in the Pashupati Aarati ceremony, where you can witness enchanting lights and chants that elevate your experience to a spiritual plane. Wrap up your day by heading to Thamel, the heart of Kathmandu, at night. Explore its bustling streets teeming with an array of restaurants, shops, and an exciting nightlife scene.

Itinerary 2: Nature lover

Day 1:

Begin your day with an adventure, on the Chandragiri Cable Car, where you can enjoy views of the hills and valleys surrounding Kathmandu. Once you reach Chandragiri Hill embark on a trek to explore the region's forests, pristine waterfalls and magnificent landscapes. Head back to Kathmandu. Make your way to Chisapani. Experience a night at a guesthouse, in Chisapani, a serene hill station nestled amidst terraced fields and pine trees. Reflect upon your day's adventures while enjoying an evening by the fireside.

Day 2:

Wake up early to catch the sunrise, from Chisapani, where you can witness the sight of snow-covered peaks stretching far as the eye can see. Indulge in breakfast at your guesthouse relishing the flavors of cuisine. Embark on a trek from Chisapani to Nagarkot making stops along the way to explore towns terraced farms and dense forests. Take a moment to enjoy the serenity of the mountainside by having a picnic lunch amidst nature's beauty. Upon reaching Nagarkot in the afternoon take some time to rest and rejuvenate. Explore the town's alleys. Be captivated by panoramic views of the Himalayas from various viewpoints. After this mountain experience return to Kathmandu in the evening with inspiration and vitality. For an added adventure consider opting for an Everest Mountain Flight for a view of majestic Mount Everest or an Everest Base Camp Helicopter Tour for a closer encounter, with the world's highest peak.

Itinerary 3: Cultural Immersion

Day 1:

Start your cultural immersion journey by visiting the Swayambhunath Stupa. Take some time to explore and wander through the enchanting streets of Swayambhu. Indulge, in a meal that showcases flavors and specialties like momos (dumplings) dal bhat (rice and lentils), and traditional Newari cuisine by dining at an authentic Nepali restaurant. Expand your exploration by paying a visit to Kathmandu Durbar Square. Dive into the square's history and significance, by embarking on a guided tour. Immerse yourself in the energy of Kathmandu streets and alleys as the day winds down. Explore the marketplaces of Asan Tole and Indra Chowk filled with life and activity. Experience the evening ritual, known as aarti at Pashupatinath Temple. Feel the aura of this place as you join fellow devotees in lighting oil lamps and offering prayers to Lord Shiva.

Day 2:

Wake up early. Embark, on a journey to Bhaktapur, an ancient city. Explore the timeless squares and cobblestone streets of this preserved medieval town. Marvel at the astonishing temples, palaces, and courtyards that adorn Bhaktapur Durbar Square. Delight in the flavors of Newari cuisine. Relax in the surroundings while enjoying a leisurely lunch at a cozy café or restaurant in Bhaktapur. After lunch make your way to Bhaktapur Pottery Square, where local artisans continue to practice their age craft. Observe skilled potters utilizing techniques passed down through generations to shape clay into vessels and decorative pieces. Take a stroll through the neighborhoods of Bhaktapur adorned with alleyways. Discover courtyards, wells, and intricately carved entrances that offer glimpses into the town's vibrant history. As evening approaches return to Kathmandu. Spend your night immersing yourself in the lively atmosphere of Thamel. Immerse yourself in the ambiance as you explore shops, bustling markets, and lively street vendors lining the streets. Indulge, in a Nepali meal as darkness descends upon you. Enjoy music performances and cultural shows as part of your dining experience.