Tsum Valley Trek
5 Ratings

Tsum Valley Trek

Price: USD 1100.0 USD 850.0


calender icon Duration 17.0 days
accommodation icon Accommodation 3* Hotel in Kathmandu, Tea House in Trekking
season icon Best Season Sep-Nov, Mar-May,
hiking icon Hiking,Sight Seeing 17.0 days
transportation icon Transportation Private Tourist Vehicles days
altitude icon Max-Altitude 5160.0 m
meal icon Meal Full Board Meals
difficulty icon Difficulty medium

Tsum Valley Trek Overview

Tsum Valley is a sacred Himalayan pilgrimage valley that is situated on the northern slope of Manaslu near the Nepal-Tibet border. Despite being rich in ancient art, religion, and culture, Tsum valley was untracked by hikers until 2008, yet the starting point is only a 7-hour drive from Kathmandu Valley. The trek to Tsum Valley takes you up to an altitude of 4,000 meters with an opportunity to explore the natural hot springs, Buddhist culture, mountains, and valleys.

The world’s eighth-highest peak, Manaslu (8,163m) is a beauty beyond description. Tsum Valley, also called “Beyul Kyimolung” literally means “Valley of Happiness’ as translated from the Tibetan language, absolutely a beautiful and hidden glamorous Himalayan destination, intervened between the great Ganesh Himal and Manaslu Himalayan range of peaks.

In another sense, ‘Tsum’ means bright against the awesome backdrop of the Ganesh Himal (7,140m), Shringi Himal (7,155m), and Boudha (6,692m) Himalayan Ranges which means you will be enjoying the magnificent views of these mountains including the beauty of landscapes and different remote valleys. It is said that the Buddhist saint Milarepa is believed to be speculated in the caves of these mountains.

The people here celebrate many Buddhist festivals, perform ritual burning of juniper sense to purify the air and Mother Nature, place the prayer flags, and install Mani walls for the happiness of the entire living beings. The area is left behind by modernity so their culture remained as it is as it was centuries ago. The people, culture, and landscape of the Tsum Valley are closely correlated to that of Tibet.

You will observe beautiful mountain birds such as Lophophorus, which is the national bird of Nepal. The trekking trail passes through blooming rhododendron, pine forests, waterfalls and rivers, Gurung villages with rice and millet terraces, rocky trails, suspension bridges, Chortens, Mani walls, Buddhist shrines and not to mention Piren Phu cave which is one of the most sacred caves.

As the trek is passing through the Manaslu region, you will cross through flora and fauna that can be more relaxing and fun with nature. You will witness wildlife such as Blue Sheep or the Himalayan Thar. Not only this, the valley is rich in Buddhist culture as it holds many religious and unique monasteries such as Rachen Gompa and Mu Gompa.

The Tsum Valley trek is positively an adventurous one that takes us through the off-beaten route where we will explore the Tibetan culture and witness natural beauty. Check out the complete package for Tsum Valley with Manaslu Circut Trekking.

Highlights of Tsum Valley Trek

  • Pleasant off-beaten trails.
  • Exploration of Tibetan lifestyles, cultures, and traditions. Sacred caves, monasteries, Chortens, Mani walls, and prayer flags.
  • Breathtaking view of Mt. Manaslu (8,163m), Ganesh Himal (7,422m), Shringi Himal (7,187m), Himchuli Himal (7,893m), and Bauddha Himal(6,672m).
  • Passing through blooming rhododendron, pine, and juniper forests.
  • Opportunity to explore different floras and faunas within the Manaslu region.
  • The best chance to witness wildlife including blue sheep and Himalayan Thar.

History of Tsum Valley

The Tsum Valley has a long history of Buddhism. It is believed that Buddhist Saint Milarepa used to meditate in the caves of mountains like Bauddha Himal, Shringi Himal, and Ganesh Himal.

Traditionally, the valley is culturally distinct and geographically called 'Tsum Tso Chuksum', which means thirteen provinces ruled as a single territory. The ancient remains of the Tsum Kingdom are still visible today. Due to its remoteness and inaccessibility, the valley remains unexplored for centuries.

Tsum Valley is inhabited by Tsumbas, an indigenous community and together with the majestic backdrops of the famous Ganesh Himal, Shringi Himal, and Bauddha Himal. The valley carries a history of ancient Himalayan civilization styles; culture, art, tradition, religion, customs, and thinking. The valley is blessed with a Himalayan Buddhist pilgrimage, home to some unique historic monasteries including Rachen Gompa and Mu Gompa.

Best Itinerary for Tsum Valley Trek

Day 1: Arrival in Kathmandu (1,400m)

Day 2: Sightseeing and Trek Preparation

Day 3: Drive to Machakhola (877m) (7 hours)

Day 4: Trek from Machha Khola to Jagat (1,345m) (6-7 hours of walk)

Day 5: Trek from Jagat to Lokpa (2,240m) (5-6 hours of walk)

Day 6: Trek from Lokpa to Chumling (2,386m) (4-5 hours of walk)

Day 7: Trek from Chumling to Chhokangparo (3,031m) ((4-5 hours of walk)

Day 8: Trek from Chhokangparo to the Nile (3,347m) (5-6 hours of walk) via Milarepa Piren Phu cave

Day 9: Trek from Nile to Mu Gompa (3,700m) and Dephyudonma Gumba

Day 10: Trek from Mu Gompa to Rachen Gompa

Day 11: Trek from Rachen Gompa to Gumba Lungdang (3,200m)

Day 12: Trek from Gumba Lungdang to Ganesh Himal Base Camp (4,200m)

Day 13: Trek from Gumba Lungdang to Lokpa

Day 14: Trek from Lokpa to Jagat

Day 15: Trek from Jagat to Machha Khola

Day 16: Drive back to Kathmandu

Day 17: Final Departure

Important Notes for Tsum Valley Trek

The Tsum Valley trek is a moderate-grade trek that takes around 14 days to complete. The highest point you will reach lies at Ganesh Himal Base Camp at 4,200m. The second highest point lies at Mu Goma at 3,700m.

The trek takes around 5-6 hours of daily walking. The starting point is at Machakhola after a scenic drive from Kathmandu and ends at Kathmandu after a drive back from Machakhola. Tsum valley trek is one of the most popular trek recently. It is less explored as it was isolated until 2008.

The major attractions of this trek are majestic views of landscapes and remote valleys, rivers and suspension bridges, Chortens, Mani walls, and prayer flags, culture influenced by Tibetan Buddhism, pine, rhododendron forests, and juniper forests, and stunning views of Mt. Manaslu, Ganesh Himal, Hiunchuli Himal, Shringi Himal, and Bauddha Himal.

Cultures and Religions

The Tsum Valley is home to a diverse group of people. However, the valley is mainly inhabited by Gurung people. Besides this, ethnic groups of Nubri and Tsum also inhabit here. The Gurung people migrated to Nepal from Tibet around the 6th century. They migrated before the spread of Buddhism in Tibet. Gurung people followed the religion of Buddhism which was later converted into Tibetan Buddhism.

The Nubri ethnic group migrated from Tibet to the Nubri Valley around 400 years ago. Nearly 2000 people reside in Nubri Valley at present and follow the religion of Buddhism. The Tsum ethnic group of Tibetan origin has nearly 4000 population in Tsum Valley. They practice Buddhism and Bon Po religion.

During the Tsum Valley trek, you will meet mostly Gurung people and witness their cultures and traditions. Mostly, people follow Tibetan Buddhism so you will witness the influence of Buddhism by visiting different monasteries, Gompas, Mani walls, and prayer flags.


Festivals at Tsum Valley are of major significance for the unity of people here and are also a great showcasing of the tradition of the locals. People here celebrate Lhosar by singing and dancing at Kauras by wearing traditional costumes.


The landscape of Tsum Valley is characterized by lush green forests, terraced fields, and towering mountain peaks along with tough terrains. The valley is situated in the Himalayas surrounded by mountain peaks such as Mt. Manaslu, Ganesh Himal, Shringi Himal, Hiunchuli Himal, and Bauddha Himal.

The valley is prosperous with its art, tradition, religion, and hospitality. The entire region is famous for its panoramic beauty and especially Tibetan culture. On the way, the trail gives the pleasure of the scenic beauty of rivers and suspension bridges, monasteries, Gompas, and prayer flags.

The scene of diverse floras and faunas including wildlife like Himalayan Thar and Blue sheep will give pleasure to your eyes.




Upon your arrival in Nepal, the land of the Himalayas, our representative from Bold Himalaya will pick you up from the Tribhuwan International Airport. Then, you will be transferred to your relevant hotel. You can spend your day exploring the busy Kathmandu. For the day, you can roam around beautiful Thamel and find yourself some typical local products to shop and get a close look at the bustling urban life. You can also visit restaurants and café and try out Nepali cuisine. Overnight in Kathmandu


After having our delicious breakfast, we will visit the most historical and spiritual attractions in Kathmandu. Some of these landmarks are considered World Heritage Sites including the historic Kathmandu Durbar Square, the sacred Hindu temple of Pashupatinath, the famous ‘Monkey Temple’ (Swyambhunath), and the Buddhist shrine, Bouddhanath which is one of the largest stupas in the world. City life is vibrant as the culture and heritage reflect their ethnic identity. Later, there will be a pre-tour meeting where we can meet our trek leader, guide, and other team members. Bold Himalaya will give us brief detail regarding our trek as well as provides us with an opportunity to ask any questions we may have regarding our upcoming adventure. You can also go for last-minute shopping for your trek. You will find each and every branded trekking gear at Thamel. Overnight in Kathmandu.


The Manaslu region’s adventure starts today. We will begin our journey driving along Prithvi Highway which runs alongside the beautiful Trishuli River towards Soti Khola. We will pass through dense forests, green terraces, lush hillsides, and past various old and new settlements. After reaching Arughat, we will drive off-road amongst traditional settlements until we reach Soti Khola which is located in the Bhuri Gandaki Valley. It is also the starting point of Manaslu Larke Pass Trekking and several other treks of this region. It is a beautiful yet thrilling one. We will pass through different landscapes, rushing rivers, and numerous waterfalls. We will have our lunch at Gurung village of Labubesi and then continue our journey towards Machhe Khola. Overnight at Machha Khola.


After having our breakfast in Machha Khola, we will begin our trek, which follows the gorge and continues up the river. The path is constricted at first and gently ascending and descending, eventually crossing the Tharo Khola to reach Khorlabesi. After more ascending and descending, we will reach a small hot spring in Tatopani- the best place to take a break. From here, we will ascend over another ridge, then cross the Budhi Gandaki on a suspension bridge. We will then climb up a staircase and head over a ridge to Doban. Upon crossing one more suspension bridge over the Yaru Khola, we will ascend a stone staircase and then drop to the river and ascend more stone stairs to Tharo Bharyang. Keep an eye out for neat Gurung villages in the jungle high above, as well as Langur monkeys that walk around in the region. Crossing the west bank of the Budhi Gandaki, we will ascend over a ridge, trek along the river, and then ascend toward the village of Jagat.


We will access the restricted region of Manaslu and Tsum Valley by registering the Permit at the checkpoint of Jagat. We will climb over a ridge to Salleri. Then, we will walk along the riverbank, crossing the Budhi Gandaki River on a long suspension bridge. As we continue to walk, the valley broadens heading towards Philim. As we pass by Ekle Bhatti, the trail separates Tsum and Manaslu. We will pass through the welcome board and hike up towards Lokpa. The rivers become narrow as we meet at the junction of the Syar Rivers from Tsum Valley. Then, we will turn right from Tsum Valley to reach Lokpa village, the first village in Tsum Valley that provides an opportunity to see the Manaslu range. From Lokpa, butchering an animal is strictly restricted, it is a complete segregation hidden valley of happiness blessed by Padmashamva centuries ago. The majestic views of Himalchuli, Sringeri Himal, and Boudha Himal can be observed from Lokpa village. Overnight at Lokpa.


After breakfast, we will start trekking from the Lokpa village entrance to the wild route of Tsum Valley. En the route from Lokpa to Chumling on a sunny day, the beauty of Boudha Himal (6672m) and Ganesh Himal VI is clearly seen. The trail will decline to Lungwa river valley and then incline through a silent tropical forest of dense rhododendron and pine to Chumling. The path separates at Chumling. We will cross the Syar Khola and reach the village of Chumling, also known as Lower Tsum. Late afternoon, a side tour to the upper part of Chumling to visit the monastery is the finest for a view of Ganesh Himal. Chumling has three monasteries: Panago Gumba, Gurwa Gumba, and Mani Dhungyur. There is a facility for telephone service and a health post too


Maximum altitude: 3010 Trekking hours: 5-6 hours Today, we will enter the upper valley, part of the inner Himalayas. The trail will prolong along the Syar River downward to Domje and then rise over 500 meters to the largest city in Tsum Valley. The pretty village of Gho has an awesome Gomba. From there, we will continue our uphill climbing and then trek to reach Chhokangparo. Passing through Rainjam and crossing Serpu Khola, we will ascend for over two hours on a well-graded but defined track to upper Tsum and join villages of Chhokangparo, stone houses with a few iron roofs nestled under cliffs. Chhokangparo is situated on flat land which consists of two settlements, Chhokang and Paro. This area is eye-catching for its Tibetan Buddhist heritage. On a clear day, we will witness magnificent views of Himalchuli and Ganesh Himal from Chhokangparo. We will have the opportunity to know the hospitality of local people (Tibetan group “Tsombo”) welcoming with traditional Tibetan Chiya (butter tea) and local meals.


We will walk relatively shorter than in previous days. The Nile, on the western, sun-side of the Shikhar Khola, about 20 minutes walk across from Chhule, is the ultimate village heading north in the upper Tsum valley. As we go up, the valley becomes fertile, narrow, and people are busy in farming. After passing Lamagaon, there is Piren Phu cave of St. Milarepa where his footprint is still protected and marked in the rock. Piren Phu (pigeon cave) is one of the most revered caves in the Tsum Valley on the side of an irregular cliff mountain, with great views of the valley from the cave monastery, nearby the village of Burji. There are two separate Gumbas connected to the rocky cave. Richly painted Buddhist murals, excellent artistic scripts carved on stones, long prayer flags and expressive Buddhist paper scripts make this cave one of the most important socio-cultural assets in the valley. Then, we head towards the crossing of the suspension bridge over the Shiar River and continue our trek through several villages to finally cross a bridge and reach the Nile.


A short hike from the Nile along the west bank of the valley close to the Tibetan border smoothly reaches Mu Gompa, the highest point of the Tsum Valley trek. We will hike up through yak pastures through the typical dry and arid Trans Himalayan Terrain. The Monastery has rows of Chhortens and beautiful mountain views and houses. The historical Dephyudonma monastery which is one of the oldest monasteries in Tsum is connected with the dawn of Buddhism run by Lama, on the lap of the beautiful mountains. It is an antique Gompa.


From Mu Gompa, we will take the trail to reach Rachen Gompa. It is a nunnery placed in the Shiar Khola Valley, in the footsteps of mountains bordering Nepal and Tibet. We will return down the valley through Chhule and continue descending until we reach Phurba. We will hike on the east bank of the Siyar Khola and cross flat boulder-covered plains following the power lines to Rachen Gompa, where we will check out the ancient Gompa. It is home to nuns of the Ngak-Pa sect. there are 1000 magnificent clay statues of Avalokiteshwara.


We will trek to the south until a bridge crosses to the west bank and pass again through Chhokang Paro then drops below on the previous trail towards Chumling. After about 2 hrs, we will see a small white Gompa on the left at Gho (2485m). We will descend on a narrow trail passing the Gompa on our left and drop to a wooden bridge over the Siyar Khola. We will move across the bridge to Domje (2460m) which has a Tibetan herbal medicine clinic and school. Then, we will climb through pines and rhododendrons until the track starts traversing at a Mani wall with prayer flags. Finally, in the pine forest, take a prayer flag, mark an uphill path, and make a zigzag climb through huge silver pines to reach Gumba Lungdang (3200m), rest on a ridge with small cells for the nuns scattered through the beautiful rhododendrons. This small Gompa with 40 nuns has an extreme and captivating puja from 6.00- 7.30 pm each night unless the nuns are on holiday or elsewhere, which is for some months each year- explored in Chhokang Paro. The mountain views in all directions are amazing and being here will be the absolute highlight of our trip.


Today is an interesting day as we will be trekking to the Ganesh Himal Base Camp. The forest wilderness and the views will make our trek more adventurous and beautiful. The route crosses through two small valleys dropping on the muddy meanders on a shortcut to regain the lower track and continue up the valley through thick and dense forest. We will cross a small pasture, taking a right turn, we will descend the trail and down to the river. The suspension bridge will take us to the bank of the river. The trail becomes slightly challenging but we will manage to cross the forest with many winds that have trees crossing the Laudang Khola on the west bank on top of an unbalanced wooden bridge. Again, we will climb through steep rhododendron and pine forests eventually reaching on to a ridge and stone huts beside a large stone in Kharka. Shortly, we will reach a landscape with greenery, flat grassy lands, and the lateral moraine of the Torogumba Glacier. As we continue climbing up, we will reach the Ganesh Himal Base camp in a couple of hours. After admiring the beauty of Ganesh Himal and appreciating the effort to reach here, we will return back to Gumba Lugdang. It is a short trek.


Today, we will return back to Lokpa. We will descend down to Domje by trekking on the upper track crossing the Laudang Khola. Crossing an unstable swing bridge between the lowest two houses in Domje, we will stay on the south bank of the Siyar Khola. As we walk by, we will come across a new trail through a stunning dense forest that will take us to one more deep gorge and swinging bridges to picturesque Ripche (2,470m). We will take time to look around at the fertile valley of barley and buckwheat with expressive shortens in the fields backed by pine forests. We will walk down the stairs to the Bhatti Ghumlong which we had walked through several days ago. As we climb up again through a pine forest, we will reach Lokpa.


As we move down to Jagat, we will be rejoining the Budhi Gandaki River. As we trek, we will get a few glimpses of the beautiful mountains. Walking through forests and terrains gives us a smooth pleasant trek. Taking short breaks in between, we will reach Sirdibas. After crossing a few suspension bridges, we will finally reach Jagat.


After having our breakfast, we will be descending to Machha Khola. The trek today will be at ease and pleasant as we will walk through terrains and cross several bridges. Trekking down to Machha Khola we will again cross a suspension bridge over the Nauli Khola. As we trek on the sandy river bed of the Budhi Gandaki, we will eventually reach Machha Khola.


Followed by morning breakfast, we will be driving back to Kathmandu. The drive will be scenic as we will be passing by the beautiful Trishuli River. Also, the greenery of the hills will be eye-catching. We will be driving west towards Kathmandu through the Prithvi Highway. Shortly, we will reach Kathmandu, where you will be escorted to your respective hotel. Afterward, with spare time in hand, you can explore Kathmandu city or rest in the hotel.


After wishing you goodbye, our representative from Bold Himalaya will assist you to Tribhuwan International Airport for your next destination. If you have any intention of extending your stay in Nepal for an adventurous experience like Safari, Rafting, Biking Tours, Peak climbing, and trekking in other regions, then we would be more than happy to be of help. We also welcome you to visit our country again for more experiences. It would be our bliss to help you plan your next trip to Nepal. Take care and goodbye from Bold Himalaya.

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